How is torque split on cars

## How is Torque Split on Cars?

Torque split is the distribution of torque between the front and rear wheels of a car. It is used to improve traction and handling, especially in slippery conditions.

There are several different ways to split torque on cars. The most common methods are:

Open differential: This is the simplest and most common type of differential. It allows the wheels on each side of the car to rotate at different speeds, which is necessary when cornering. However, it can also cause the wheels to spin if one side of the car loses traction.
Limited-slip differential: This type of differential limits the amount of speed difference between the wheels on each side of the car. This helps to improve traction in slippery conditions, but it can also make the car more difficult to turn.
Locking differential: This type of differential locks the wheels on each side of the car together, causing them to rotate at the same speed. This provides the best traction in slippery conditions, but it can also make the car more difficult to turn and can cause damage to the drivetrain if used on dry pavement.

The type of differential used on a car depends on the car’s intended use. Cars that are designed for off-road use or for driving in slippery conditions typically have a limited-slip or locking differential. Cars that are designed for on-road use typically have an open differential.

## How Does Torque Split Work?

Torque split is controlled by the differential. The differential is a gear system that allows the wheels on each side of the car to rotate at different speeds. When the car is cornering, the wheels on the outside of the turn need to rotate faster than the wheels on the inside of the turn. The differential allows this to happen by allowing the wheels to rotate at different speeds.

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The differential also limits the amount of torque that can be applied to each wheel. This is important because if too much torque is applied to one wheel, it can cause the wheel to spin. The differential limits the torque that can be applied to each wheel by allowing the wheels to slip.

## Benefits of Torque Split

Torque split provides several benefits, including:

Improved traction: Torque split helps to improve traction by distributing torque to the wheels that have the most grip. This is especially important in slippery conditions, such as when driving on snow or ice.
Improved handling: Torque split can also help to improve handling by reducing the amount of understeer or oversteer. Understeer is when the car tends to push wide in a turn, while oversteer is when the car tends to spin out. Torque split can help to reduce understeer and oversteer by distributing torque to the wheels that need it most.
Reduced wear and tear: Torque split can also help to reduce wear and tear on the drivetrain by limiting the amount of torque that can be applied to each wheel. This can help to extend the life of the drivetrain components.

## Conclusion

Torque split is an important part of a car’s drivetrain. It helps to improve traction, handling, and wear and tear on the drivetrain. The type of differential used on a car depends on the car’s intended use. Cars that are designed for off-road use or for driving in slippery conditions typically have a limited-slip or locking differential. Cars that are designed for on-road use typically have an open differential.

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