What is torque in a car eli5

## Torque: The Force That Propels Your Car

Imagine a large, heavy box that you need to move across the room. You could try pushing it with all your might, but if the box is too heavy, you might not be able to budge it. However, if you used a crowbar to pry the box loose from the ground, you would be able to move it much more easily. This is because the crowbar gives you more leverage, which allows you to apply more force to the box.

In the same way, torque is a measure of the force that is applied to an object in order to rotate it. In a car, torque is what allows the engine to turn the wheels and propel the car forward. The more torque an engine has, the more force it can apply to the wheels and the faster the car will accelerate.

### How Does Torque Work?

Torque is created when a force is applied to an object at a distance from its center of rotation. The greater the distance between the force and the center of rotation, the greater the torque. This is why it is easier to open a door by pushing on the edge of the door rather than the middle.

In a car, torque is created by the combustion of fuel in the engine’s cylinders. The expanding gases from the combustion push against the pistons, which are connected to the crankshaft. The crankshaft then turns the wheels, which propels the car forward.

### What is the Difference Between Torque and Horsepower?

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Torque and horsepower are two closely related concepts, but they are not the same thing. Torque is a measure of the force that is applied to an object in order to rotate it, while horsepower is a measure of the rate at which work is done.

Think of it this way: torque is like strength, and horsepower is like speed. A car with a lot of torque can accelerate quickly, but it may not be able to maintain a high speed for a long period of time. A car with a lot of horsepower can maintain a high speed for a long period of time, but it may not be able to accelerate as quickly.

### How to Increase Torque

There are a few things that you can do to increase the torque of your car’s engine:

Increase the displacement of the engine. Displacement is the volume of the engine’s cylinders. The larger the displacement, the more torque the engine will produce.
Increase the compression ratio of the engine. The compression ratio is the ratio of the volume of the cylinder when the piston is at the bottom of its stroke to the volume of the cylinder when the piston is at the top of its stroke. A higher compression ratio will produce more torque.
Install a turbocharger or supercharger. A turbocharger or supercharger is a device that forces more air into the engine’s cylinders. This will produce more torque.

### Conclusion

Torque is an important factor to consider when choosing a car. If you want a car that can accelerate quickly, you will need a car with a lot of torque. If you want a car that can maintain a high speed for a long period of time, you will need a car with a lot of horsepower.

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